- To improve Human and Institutional Capacity.
- To promote Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Risk Management through the establishment of National and Regional Platforms for all Stakeholders.
- To strengthen Disaster Prevention and Response Mechanisms.
- To link NADMO’s Disaster Prevention and Management Programmes to the GPRS and re-afforestation through effective social mobilisation for disaster prevention and poverty reduction.
Disaster Management Objectives:
- To equip the Organisation to handle all aspects of disasters in Ghana;
- To create awareness on disasters through intensive public education;
- To ensure disaster prevention, risk and vulnerability reduction, as a means of reducing the impact of disasters on society;
- To be in a position to provide the first line response in times of disaster;
- To assist in post-emergency rehabilitation and reconstruction effort;
- To assist and motivate community-based organizations to serve as the credible voluntary organizations to assist in the prevention and management of disasters at the local level;
- To set up monitoring and early warning systems to aid the identification of disasters in their formative stages, to disseminate timely information and warning, and hazard/disaster awareness creation;
- To enforce laws to prevent and mitigate disasters;
- To provide good conditions and scheme of service to raise morale, performance; and productivity;
- To raise human capacity and development of staff.
Social Mobilisation and Employment Objectives:
The social mobilization objectives for the year 2009 still remained:
- To harness human and material resources of communities to develop their potentials and strengths especially in re-afforestation and agricultural development;
- To organize, train, and resource volunteers, especially the youth, to assist in managing disasters, and to assist them undertake economic activities by mobilizing, training, and equipping them with the necessary technical know-how; for disaster management and income generation
- To assist communities to understand and participate in Government programmes and activities;
- To sensitize communities to contribute towards the provision of social amenities.
NADMO seeks to enhance the capacity of society to prevent and manage disasters and to improve the livelihood of the poor and vulnerable in rural communities through effective disaster management, social mobilisation and employment generation.
“To manage disasters by co-ordinating the resources of government institutions and non-governmental agencies, and developing the capacity of communities to respond effectively to disasters and improve their livelihood through social mobilization, employment generation and poverty reduction projects.”
This is done by:
- Reviewing of the National, Regional and District Disaster Management Plans (DDMPs) for effective implementation.
- Linking Disaster Management Programmes to the Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS), and re-afforestation.
- Building capacity of staff and stakeholders.
- Promoting Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Risk Management countrywide.
- Public awareness creation through media discussions, public education and training of community members and Disaster Volunteer Groups (DVGs).
- Provision of skills and inputs for Disaster Volunteer Groups for employment generation and poverty reduction.
- Rehabilitation and reconstruction of educational and other social facilities destroyed by fire, floods rainstorms and other disasters.
In the 1980’s, it was observed that the number of disasters and their impacts were increasing worldwide. This situation alarmed the United Nation Organisation which held various conferences on the issue, leading to the UN declaration of GAD 44/236 of 1989 declaring the 1990’s as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR).
This was followed by the conference on Natural Disaster Reduction held in Yokohama, Japan in May 1994. The conference established the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) to replace the defunct IDNDR. The Yokohama strategy for a safe world and its plan of action mandated each country to establish a permanent disaster management organization.
In response to the Yokohama strategy for a safer world and plan of action, the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMO) was established by act 517 of 1996 to manage disasters and similar emergencies in the country. It was structured and placed under the ministry of the interior, to enable it coordinate all the relevant civil authorities at the national, regional and district levels.
NADMO functions under a National secretariat, ten (10) Regional secretariats, two hundred and forty-three (243) Metropolitan, Municipal and District secretariat and over nine hundred (900) Zonal offices throughout the country.