• NADMO leads Team to Distribute Hot Meal to the Vulnerable

    As part of the President's directive to give hot meal to the VULNERABLE in the various Districts under lockdown
  • NADMO marks IDDR with Quiz Programme

    The National Disaster Management Organisation (NADMO) in collaboration with Green Africa Youth Organisation (GAYO)...
  • The Director-General participates in the 4th African meeting of Directors of Civil Protection in Algiers

    A two (2) day meeting of African Directors of Civil Protection in Algiers, Algeria was organised by the International Civil Defence Organisation (ICDO).
  • NADMO holds Orientation for National Service Personnel

    Fifty four (54) National Service personnel posted to the National Disaster Management Organisation have...
  • NADMO begins Disaster Risk Reduction Capacity Assessment Tour

    o achieve the objective of NADMO (section 2 of Act 927), to manage disasters and similar emergencies...
  • National Competitive Bidding Invitation for Tenders (IFT) Goods - 2019

    The National Disaster Management Organisation (NADMO) intends to apply part of its budgetary allocation to fund...


In the 1980’s, it was observed that the number of disasters and their impacts were increasing worldwide. This situation alarmed the United Nation Organisation which held various conferences on the issue, leading to the UN declaration of GAD 44/236 of 1989 declaring the 1990’s as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR).



What are Coronaviruses?

Coronaviruses are a large group of viruses that are common among animals. In rare cases, they are what scientists call zoonotic, meaning they can be transmitted from animals to humans, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a dangerous diseases with incubation period between 4-6 days. It is fatal especially for those with weakened immune system, the elderly and the very young. It could also result in Pneumonia and bronchitis.

How it spreads

Viruses can spread from human contact with animals and also from human to human.

When it comes to human-to-human transmission of the viruses, often it happens when someone comes into contact with the infected person's secretions. The exposure factors are;

  • a cough
  • sneeze or
  • handshake

The virus can also be transmitted by touching something an infected person has touched and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes.

Signs & Symptoms

The viruses can make people sick. Coronavirus symptoms include;

  1. fever
  2. a runny nose
  3. cough
  4. sore throat
  5. possibly a headache

There is no vaccine to protect against this family of viruses. Reduce your risk of infection by

  • Wash your hands with soap and water before touching anything including your eyes, nose and mouth
  • Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze
  • Disinfect the objects and surfaces you touch.
  • If you are sick, stay home and avoid crowds and contact with others.
  • There is no specific treatment. Most of the time, symptoms will go away on their own.
  • Doctors can relieve symptoms by prescribing a pain or fever medication.
  • A room humidifier or a hot shower can help with a sore throat or cough.
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Get rest and sleep as much as possible.
  • If symptoms feel worse than a standard cold, see your doctor



27 May 2020


27 May 2020


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Disaster Profile in Ghana

Nature-Induced Disasters
  • Domestic Fires
  • Road Accidents
  • Conflicts
Human-Induced Disasters



What is hazard?

A hazard is a process, phenomenon or human activity that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, social and economic disruption or environmental degradation. Hazards may be natural, anthropogenic or socionatural in origin (UNISDR, 2016).

Why does it matter?

Hazards are often categorized by whether they are natural (sometimes termed physical) or technological (sometimes called man-made or human-induced). The term ‘peril’ is sometimes used instead of hazard, particularly in the insurance industry.

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Types of hazards

Avalanche, Cold Wave, Cyclone,Drought, Earthquake,Epidemic & Pandemic, Flood, Heat Wave, Insect Infestation, Land Slide, NBC - Nuclear, Biological, Chemical, Storm Surge, Technical Disaster, Tornado, Tsunami, Volcano, Wild Fire.

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Characteristics of hazards

Natural hazard events can be characterized by their magnitude or intensity, speed of onset, duration, and the area they cover.

How do we measure hazards?

Essential steps in hazard assessment are identifying the relevant hazard(s) and the collection of hazard-related data. Once the hazards are defined, the next step often involves obtaining a variety of hazard-related data. The most essential data define the date, geographical location and extent, and maximum intensity of historical events. 

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Can we reduce hazards?

The adverse impacts of hazards, in particular natural hazards, often cannot be prevented fully, but their scale or severity can be substantially lessened by various strategies and actions.



Data and statistics are important in understanding the impacts and costs of disasters.

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Data Viewers

Open access, online data viewers present hazard, disaster, and risk data in an easily accessible manner.

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Components of Risk

  • Disaster risk

    Risk is a forward looking concept, so disaster risk can be understood as the likelihood (or probability) of loss of life, injury or destruction and damage from a disaster in a given period of time (adapted from UNISDR, 2015a).

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  • Hazard

    A dangerous event that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, as well as damage and loss to property, infrastructure, livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption and, or environmental damage is known as a hazard (UNISDR, 2009b).

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  • Exposure

    The presence and number of people, property, livelihoods, systems or other elements in hazard areas (and so thereby subject to potential losses) is known as exposure (UNISDR, 2009b and IPCC, 2012).

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  • Vulnerability

    The name given to the set of characteristics and circumstances of a community, system or asset that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard is vulnerability.

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Risk Drivers

Climate change

Climate change can increase disaster risk in a variety of ways – by altering the frequency and intensity of hazard events, affecting vulnerability to hazards, and changing exposure patterns.

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Environmental degradation

Environmental degradation is both a driver and consequence of disasters, reducing the capacity of the environment to meet social and ecological needs.

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Globalized economic development

Globalized economic development can lead to increased exposure of assets in hazard-prone areas, leading to further increases in intensive risk if not managed.

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Poverty & inequality

Poverty is both a driver and consequence of disasters, and the processes that further disaster risk related poverty are permeated with inequality.

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Poorly planned urban development

Whether or not disaster risk is factored into investment decisions in urban development will have a decisive influence on the future of disaster risk reduction.

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Weak governance

Governance of disaster risk management must be improved, not only through specialized and stand-alone sectors, but also through strengthened governance arrangements across sectors and territories in order to address disaster risk.

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Key Concepts


Capacity refers to all the strengths, attributes and resources available within a community, organization or society that can be used to achieve agreed goals.

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Deterministic & probabilistic risk

Deterministic risk considers the impact of a single risk scenario, whereas probabilistic risk considers all possible scenarios, their likelihood and associated impacts.

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Direct & indirect losses

Direct disaster losses refer to the number of people killed and the damage to buildings, infrastructure and natural resources. Indirect disaster losses include declines in output or revenue and generally arise from disruptions to the flow of goods and services.

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Disaster risk reduction & disaster risk management

DRR is the policy objective of anticipating and reducing risk. Although often used interchangeably with DRR, DRM can be thought of as DRR implementation, since it describes the actions that aim to achieve the objective of reducing risk.

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Intensive & extensive risk

Extensive risk is used to describe the risk of low-severity, high-frequency disasters, mainly but not exclusively associated with highly localized hazards. Intensive risk is used to describe the risk of high-severity, mid to low-frequency disasters, mainly associated with major hazards.

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Resilience refers to the ability of a system, community or society exposed to hazards to resist, absorb, accommodate to and recover from the effects of a hazard in a timely and efficient manner.

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Sovereign risk

Sovereign risk is the economic impact a government would face in the event of a disaster.

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Risk modeling

We need data on hazard, exposure, vulnerability and losses in order to understand and assess disaster risk.

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